Wednesday, November 27, 2013

Ancestors of Newton Tuttle and Emily Amelia Stone Tuttle

Note-worthy Ancestors of Newton and Emily = Part 1

The following information pertains to the ancestors of Newton Tuttle and his wife, Emily Amelia Stone. The research was done by their granddaughter, Florence Tuttle Foy, of Bountiful, Utah. These sketches were written several decades ago while some of the links go to Wikipedia and some to Find-a-Grave. As portions of the information may be anecdotal, further research on each is warranted.

It is important to note the absence of women in this list. They are notable in our mind, although obscurely documented. Certainly the women associated with these men were of worth, merely not note-worthy by biographical standards of the past. Of these sketches Grandma Florence Foy wrote, "...we get a glimpse of the great part our progenitors played in establishing the colonies that eventually became states in the great United States of America."

Grandma Foy who lived to be a few months short of 100 years often said that when she died she was going to heaven by way of Connecticut to view the land of her ancestors. Learning of the governmental accomplishments of some of her ancestors must have given someone who was a dedicated census taker and record keeper great joy. Her paternal grandparents, Newton and Emily Stone Tuttle, were of New England origins and always favored the Thanksgiving holiday. On the otherside, her maternal Howard family who came from Old England gave greater emphasis to Christmas.

Reverend James Pierpont - Born January 4, 1659, Roxburg, Massachusetts. Died 1714 at New Haven, Connecticut. He served as pastor of the First Congregational Society of New Haven and was one of the founders of Yale College.
James Pierpont

Reverand Noadiah Russell - In the year 1700, ten ministers were selected to act as trustees of the proposed college (Yale). They held their meeting in Rev. Moadiah Russell's home, and there founded what later came to be called Yale College. Each gave books.

William Peck - Arrived in Boston 1637 with Governor Eaton. He was one of the founders of New Haven, Connecticut. He was trustee and treasurer of Colony Collegiate School, now Yale University. Died 1694 - buried in New Haven, Connecticut. He was the Deacon in the church 1659 - 1694.

William Tuttle - William came to America on the ship Planter which was the first ship to sail into the Moston, Massachusetts Harbor in 1635. The Tuttle homestead was the only land owned by the Yale College for nearly 30 years. It was first of a long series of purchases extending through a period of more than a century, which finally brought the whole of the college square into its possession. In these transfers, descendants of William Tuttle who at one time or another, owned a considerable part of the square, appear as grantors, either directly to the college or to intermediate holders. It was years ago. He had it 16 years; William Tuttle and heirs 30 years; Hester Coster 5 years; the First Church of New Haven 26 yers; and Yale College ever since or better than 200 years. On this very spot William Tuttle lived and died, his great Grandson, Jonathan Edwards, studied, taught and achieved much at Yale College.

Reverend Jermiah Peck - In 1660 the Hopkins Grammer School was started in New Haven. Jermiah [Jeremiah] Peck became the first teacher. He taught Latin, Greek, Hebrew and Oratory. His salary was 30 bushels of wheat, one barrel of pork, two barrels of beef, 40 bushels of corn, 30 bushels of peas, 30 bushels of oats, and butter.

John Cooper - Along with William Tuttle and others he set up the boundaries between New Haven, Milford, Bradford and Wallinford, Connecticut, May 1672.

Sergeant Abraham Doolittle - Born 1620. Died 11 August, 1690, at Wallingford, Connecticut. In 1644 he took the oath of fidelity in the Colony, and acted as executive county officer of New Haven. He was one of three appointed by the New Haven Committee to superintend the affairs of the new settlement. This "New Settlement" was afterward incorporated as a town, by the name of Wallingford. He was one of the Vigilance Committee at the time of King Philip's War at which time his house was protected by a picket fort against an attack by the Indians. He was chosen sheriff and was also deputy to the General Court for years.

Governor Joseph Dudley - Born 1647. Died 1720, Roxbury, Massachusetts. Jurist and governor in 1682. Member of the Massachusetts General Court, and in 1673 was magistrate of Roxbury. In 1673 he negotiated a treaty with the Narragansett Indians. He was sent to England in 1682 to prevent the threatened repeal of the Massachusetts Charter. He served as chief justice of New York from 1690 to 1701. He was again appointed as Governor of Massachusetts in 1702 and served until 1715.

Robert Kitchell - Came to America in 1637. Settled in Guilford, Connecticut, in 1639. He was magistrate of Guilford in 1666 then moved to Newark, New Jersey, and was called the Benefactor of Newark.

Robert Pease - Born in 1656, Salem, Massachusetts. Died 1744, Enfield, Connecticut. He was the son of John Pease, but moved to Connecticut. He is said to have been the first constable chosen by the people by vote of the Town of Enfield. Captain John Pease, his son, was one of the most prominent men in the history of Enfield. He was appointed land measurer by the town. He was one of the first select men chosen by the town and was first Captain of the First Militia Company in Enfield.

Reverend Samuel Stone - Of Guilford, Connecticut. He got his B.A. in 1624 and his M. A. at Trinity College in Cambridge, England. He was a Puritan lecturer, Hooker's assistant. He came to America in 1633 and went at once to Newton where he was a teacher. He was reverend of the Church of Christ at Hartford until his death in 1663. He was chaplain in the Pequot Indian War. Many poems were written by him. William Stone - Born 1608. Died 1683. Married Hannah. They were one of the founders of Guilford.
Samuel Stone
Christopher William Todd - Born 1617 in England. Died 1686 in New Haven, Connecticut. In 1644 at New Haven he took the oath of fidelity. His town lot was where the St. Thomas Church now stands. He bought a grist mill, which was the first mill erected in the town. This mill stood where (Eli) Whitney Gun Factory now stands, the first in America.

Lt. Governor James Bishop - Lived in New Haven Colony in 1647 on the northeast corner of State and Elm Street. He was secretary of the colony in 1651 and a selectman in 1653, 1654 and 1659. In 1661 he was the deputy of the General Court. In 1665 he was a representative to the first session of their government after its union with Connecticut. He served seven times as assistant to the governor from 1668 until May 10, 1683 when he was elected Lieutenant Governor of the colony and held this office until he died the 24th of June 1691.

Governor Theophilus Eaton - Born 1590. Died 7 January, 1658, at New Haven, Connecticut. He was the first colonial governor of New Haven, Connecticut, and held that position until he died. He came to America in 1638 and founded the New Haven Colony. In 1655 he revised the Mosaic Laws under which the people had been living. He substituted a new set of laws known as the Connecticut Blue Laws. He helped form the Massachusetts Bay Company, being a very rich man and was the wealthiest of all the settlers. He gave the most money and had the largest family. His house was on the largest lot, and stood on the north side of Elm Street, about half way between Church and State Street. Including his servants, there were about 30 in the family. There were 19 fireplaces in the house. The front room had carpets from Turkey and carved furniture. In this room the family had their meals and prayers. He had a library where he spent much time reading and writing his memoirs.

Reverend Thomas Hooker - Born 1586. Died 1647. He came to America in 1633 and helped form the Massachusetts Bay Company. He left Cambridge, Massachusetts, and founded the Hartford Colony in 1636. He was the first minister in the church there. He won eminence as a theological writer and preacher, and has a permanent historical importance for his instrumentality in drawing up the first written constitution in America - that of the Hartford Colony. He is known as a prominent Puritan leader and the Father of American Democracy.
No one knows what Hooker looked like but Frances Wadsman created an idealized statue.
Thomas Gridley - He was a member of the Rev. Thomas Hooker flock that came from Cambridge and settled in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1636. He was a member of Captain John Mason's Company in the Pequot Indian War of 1637, and received a grant of 50 acres of land for his service.

Peter Tallman - Son of Henry Tallman born in 1623. Died in 1708. He was a native of Hamburg, Germany, and settled in Portsouth, Rhode Island, in 1647. He had a son, Peter, who settled in Guilford, Connecticut. He arrived in Newport in 1650, then moved to Portsmouth in 1655. He was made a Freeman at Portsmouth and acted as interpreter between the English and the Dutch. He was in the mercantile business. In 1661 he became General Solicitor for the Colony of Rhode Island; was commissioner for Portsmouth to the Federal Government of Portsmouth, Newport, Warwick 1661 and 1662. He was an apothecary (druggist). Also owned land at Martha's Vinyard.

Richard Mansfield - One of the first settlers of New Haven, and ancestor of about all of the Mansfields in Connecticut and New York. He came form Exeter, Devonshire, England, and settled in Quinnipiac in 1649. He took the oath of fidelity at General Court at New Haven 1 July, 1644, given by Governor Eaton. Died 1655. Joseph Mansfield - Eldest son of Richard and Gillian Mansfield, is believed to have been born in England in 1636. He took the freeman's oath, February 8, 1657, or as soon as he was of age. He died November 15, 1692. He inherited his father's large farm and had a town lot and house in New Haven, as well as a large amount of land in other parcels, including the grounds now owned and occupied by Yale University buildings and Duck Cove Island in the East River.. His estate inventoried four hundred pounds. His seat in the "meeting house" was No. 8 in the "long seats for men." He married, about 1657 to Mary.

Captain Giles Hamlin - Settled in Middletown, Connecticut, in 1650. He was a mariner for nearly 50 years going back and forth across the ocean. He was a Puritan and one of the pillars of the colony. He was engaged in foreign commerce. His home lot was on the east side of Main Street. He bought ten acres on the southwest corner of Main and Washinton in 1679 which was the family homestead for four years. He commanded the following ships: The Desire, and in 1679 the John and James. He was  rate maker, grand levy man and townsman. He held many public offices. In 1687 he bought 200 acres. He was deputy from Middletown to the General Assembly for 23 sessions. He was assistant or member to the Upper House of the General Assembly from 1685 to his death. His estate amounted to $83,248. He was buried in the Riverside Cemetery in 1689.

The painting by Jessie Talbot 1806-1879 found at American Gallery.
Families of Ancient New Haven, Connecticut. N2b, Vol. 4, page 910)

Ancestors of Newton Tuttle and Emily Amelia Stone Tuttle Continued

Note-worthy Ancestors of Newton and Emily Part 2

The remainder of the document compiled by Florence Tuttle Foy:

Captain Thomas Munson Capt. Munson was born in 1612 in Suffolk, England, and died 7 May,1685. While in Hartford he was a militia member in the Pequot Wars and received land in recognition of that service. In 1639 he signed the original agreement, of all the free planters of New Haven. He was, with four others, appointed commissioner to meet five men from Branford to establish the boundaries between the two towns. He was a deputy to the General Court and a selectman. Known early as Lieutenant Munson, then as Ensign Munson and later as Captain Munson, he was continually involved in the watch and protection of New Haven, including leading battalions in King Phillips War. In 1675 he was a lieutenant commander in the New Haven Troops, and was ordered by the council at Hartford to go to Norwottock and up the river to defend the plantations against Indians.

David Atwater - He came to America in 1637 with Governor Eaton. Died 1692. He was the first of the New Haven Colony to be sworn a Freeman of the United Colony. He was one of the original settlers of New Haven. His lot was in the neck between Mill and Quinnipiack Rivers, at the north wide of what became the City of New Haven. He had 100 acres now known as Cedar Hill. The eldest male in each succeeding generation was born there. The town lot was 120 to 128 College Street north of Elm. His descendants lived there for more than 200 years. The farm was a depot where droves of horses and mules and cattle were placed before shipping to the West India Trade. They were wholly or partly owned by members of the Atwater family. An elm tree that he planted still stands and is 15 feet in diameter. The circle of branches at the top measures 300 feet, the height 90 feet. It was old when the Revolutionary War started.

Captain Nathaniel Turner - He arrived in Massachusettes with the Winthrop fleet in 1630. After his home was burned in Lynn, he became one of the first settlers of New Haven. In 1644 he was commander of the military company and captain of the band. He lived in the half mile square alongside Gov. Eaton. He perished in the Phantom Ship. On Sep. 1, 1640 Nathaniel was appointed Captain of all martial affairs of the New Haven Colony. He was on the ill-fated "Lamberton's Phantom Ship" which sailed from New Haven on a voyage to Europe and was lost with all on board in Jan. 1646.
Vision of the Phantom Ship by Jesse Talbot
Joseph Peck -  Baptized 30 April, 1587, in England. Died 23 December, 1663. The Peck family were disaffected Purtitans who fled Hingham Church in England after the crackdown by Archishop Laud. They came in 1638 on the ship Diligent from Ipswich. Joseph Peck and others were authorized by Governor Bradford to purchased land from Massassoit which they did with the help of Captain Myles Standish and Mr. John Browne. The sizable tract of land later became the township of Rehoboth.

Captain Thomas Yale and Mary Turner Yale - Born in England about 1616 and came to America in 1637 with Gov. Eaton and others. He married Mary Turner, daughter of Capt. Turner of New Haven, in 1645. Mary's family was of Lynn, Massachusetts in 1630 and moved to New Haven in 1638. Thomas Yale was a merchant in 1638 with an estate of 300 pounds. He purchased lands in that part of town which is now North Haven. He was one of the principal men in the colony, a signer of the Plantation Covenant, and filled with honor many offices of trust, with credit to himself and to the satisfaction of his friends and fellow colonists. He left an estate of 470 pounds, dying March 27, 1683, age 67 years. Mary died October 15, 1704.

Captain Joseph Ives and Mary Yale Ives - Mary was the daughter of Thomas Yale and Mary Turner. She married Joseph. Ives of North Haven. At their house the people met for public worship on the Sabbath until they became able to build a meeting house. Mr. Ives was captain of the train-band in North Haven. Joseph was the son of William and Hannah Ives. "Attached to the side of a brick building at the intersection of George and College Streets, easily missed by the casual visitor, is a tablet marking the spot where in prayer and meditation was founded the religious commonwealth destined to be known as New Haven Colony. Among the archives of New Haven one may still examine the evidence of William Ive's participation in the founding of the colony and of his residence there with his wife Hannah, and the births of their children, and their growth to maturity. Here he spent the ten years allotted him in the New World, and here his body was interred (Families)." William and Hannah must have been married at the beginning of the settlement because the census of 1639 indicates there were then two members in the family. William's name appears on the church roll in 1641 as number 69.

The painting by Jessie Talbot 1806-1879 found at American Gallery.
Families of Ancient New Haven, Connecticut. N2b, Vol. 4, page 910)

Sunday, November 24, 2013

Our Family Were Puritans

The Great Migration

When you sit down to Thanksgiving Dinner, you are sitting in thanksgiving for hundreds of ancestors who celebrated harvest and God's blessings hundreds of years ago. Our ancestors were Puritans who immigrated to New England during the Great Migration period of settlement. According to the Great Migration Project an estimated twenty thousand English men, women, and children crossed the Atlantic to settle New England between 1620 and 1640. Most of those who came were of Puritan religious leanings although their actual reasons for joining were a combination of religious, economic and social. An attempt to identify the initial immigrants has proved so far incomplete because the passenger lists of many ships did not survive the intervening years. It is likely that most landed in the Massachusetts Bay. All but a few then undertook a second migration either inland into the colony, or to other colonies in Connecticut, Rhode Island or New York.

Not Just a Few, but Boatloads

Of Florence Tuttle Foy's 64 sets of 6x great grandparents on her paternal Tuttle and Stone lines, 62 can be traced to firmly planted roots in the New England soil of Massachusetts and Connecticut. It is likely that all 64 were from the area. By the middle 17th Century, the extended families had been established for several decades and immediate family groups were raising Godly souls, children born in the New World. Those 128 ancestors were either themselves immigrants or had parents and possibly grandparents who were part of the great influx of Puritans. Multiply the initial 128 couples by the number of parents and/or grandparents that came in the Great Migration and you get a sense of how many of our ancestors came in those ships to the New World with such great hopes for themselves, their friends and immediate family members. We, their posterity, give thanks this coming week for their sacrifices. We are cognizant of the blessings we enjoy because they came.

These Puritans sought to purify the practices of the state church of England of popish practices. They transplanted their families in order to live lives free of religious persecution, to establish economic security or to follow other family members seeking freedom and plenty. A good many of them settled in New Haven during a second settlement from Massachusetts to Connecticut in order to establish new townships which provided land to landless families. Not all were equally religious and some didn't qualify for church membership for many years. All sought a new life with new opportunities.

The Landing on Cape Cod

Yankee Pride

From the mid 19th century a genealogical effort grew which attempted to record what was imagined to be a golden age of values and character. In 1922 the renowned genealogist, Donald Lines Jacobus, authored Families of New Haven. In the revised edition the introduction Jacobus is described as the "founder" of the "modern American school of critical genealogists" who would not even consider falsifying the facts as the records disclose them (1)." Grandma Foy employed Mr. Jacobus on multiple occasions to trace the Tuttle and Stone lines. Aunt Eva and Aunt Lily helped to pay for the research. Mr. Jacobus as did many genealogist of the time agreed with genealogical eugenics. What had been the genealogical movement's "nostalgic appropriation of the past" was transformed by the eugenics movement into a "scientific program of social reform...It provided a genetic foundation for the ancestor-worship common during the colonial revival and a scientific rationale for the general obsession with genealogy (2)." In several letters to Grandma, Mr. Jocobus stated that the data was sufficient proof to allow membership in various associations such as Colonial Dames.

First Thanksgiving at Plymouth by Brownscombe
 From a more modern perspective, and one in which digitization of previous genealogical tomes and primary source documents makes presenting real lives of our ancestors more truthful, the 21st Century allows us to see them in a more realistic light. While ancestor worship is not our motivation or goal, it does not prevent us from respecting the difficult circumstances that contributed to their life stories. In addition to compiling stacks of family group and pedigree sheets, Grandma wrote a short document titled Ancestors of Newton Tuttle and Emily Amelia Stone Tuttle which lists famous and noteworthy ancestors. She was duly proud of their accomplishments. Look for details of those individuals listed on the next post.

Noting just how far back our roots go in New England, we can imagine the antagonism with which later family members greeted the news that their kin had joined the Mormons. Not only with sadness, but with bitterness in many cases did parents and grandparents learn that their loved ones were leaving for Zion in the west. Ironically, this may have been a similar reaction that the original immigrants to New England during the 17th Century received when the Puritans and Pilgrims left the Old Country for the Promised Land of the New World.

The Roll Call: 6x Great Grandparents

Some of our Puritan ancestors were famous, some infamous, some well-documented and some left little record.  Most led purposeful lives full of both joy and tragedy. From the records that have been found, they were an independent-minded group of individuals. 

First Sunday in New Haven
       Paternal Tuttle lines: 
       1.  William Tuttle – Mary Abernathy  
       2.  Thomas Munson – Mary Wilcoxson 
       3.  Samuel Atwater – Sarah Alling                                  
              4.    Nathan Benham – Sarah Beecher  
       5.    Isaac Turner – Mary Todd                                     
       6.     Thomas Hotchkinson – Sarah Wilmont
       7.    Samuel Todd – Mary Bradley                              
       8.      John Sherman  – Dinah Thomas  
       9.    John Pierpont – Thankful Stowe                           
      10.   Rev. Samuel Hooker – Mary Willett  
      11.   William Russell – Sarah Davis                               
      12.   Giles Hamlin – Hester Crow 
      13.   John Cooper – Mary Thompson                          
      14.   John Thomas – Lydia Parker  
      15.   John Brockett – Elizabeth Doolittle                        
      16.   John Hill – Hannah Grannis  
      17.   Samuel Todd – Mary Bradley                              
      18.   Joseph Tuttle – Hannah Munson  
      19.   Joseph Ives – Mary Yale                                        
      20.   Jonathan Atwater – Ruth Peck 
      21.   John Frost – Abigail                                               
      22.   William Payne – Mary Seymour  
      23.   Thomas Gridley – Mary Seymore                         
      24.   John Clark – Rebecca Marvin  
      25.   Thomas Smith – Sarah Dow                                
      26.   Thomas Goodsell – Sarah Hemingway 
      27.   Samuel Russell – Esther Tuttle                                 
      28.   John Hemingway – Mary Morris   
      29.   Thomas Smith – Elizabeth Patterson                        
      30.   Eleazer Morris – Anna Osborn 
      31.   Alling Ball – Sarah Thompson                                 
      32.   John Griswold – Bathsheba North

Paternal Stone lines:

      1.      William Stone – Hannah Wolfe                                   
      2.      Jonathan Hatch – Abigail Weeks  
      3.      Nathaniel White – Elizabeth Bruster                            
      4.     Hugh Mould – Martha Coit   
      5.      Joseph Dudley  – Ann Robinson                               
      6.     Emanuel Buck – Mary Kirgby  
      7.      Peter Tallman – Ann Wright                                       
      8.  Andrew Morrison – Sarah Jones   
      9.      Robert Pease – Abigail Randall                                 
     10.   Unknown Fletcher – Unknown  
     11.   Benjamin Jones – Elizabeth Willis                             
     12.   Nathaniel Gary – Anne Rice  
     13.   William Dean – Mehetable Wood                             
     14.   Israel Peck – Bethia Bosworth  
     15.   Samuel Beebe – Hannah                                            
     16.   Ephraim Culver – Martha Hibbard   
     17.   James Bishop – Elizabeth Thompkins                        
     18.   James Bennett - Mary Joy   
     19.   John Perkins – Mary                                                 
     20.   Thomas Hayward – Ruth Jones   
     21.   John Tuttle – Katherine Lane                                     
     22.   John Frost – Mercy Payne   
     23.   Joseph Mansfield – Mary Potter                                
     24.   Abraham Bradley – Hannah Thompson   
     25.   Ebenezer Blakeslie – Hannah Lupton                         
     26.   Mathew Ford – Mary Brook   
     27.   Jonathan Tuttle – Rebecca Bell                                  
     28.   William Abernathy – Sarah Doolittle  
     29.   Samuel Tuttle – Sarah Newman                               
     30.   Joseph Mansfield – Elizabeth Thomas   
     31.   John Humiston – Sarah Tuttle                                    
     32.   Caleb Ray – Hannah  

More than just names, these people living during the 1600s either practiced or endured strict practices and punishments meted out under government and religious leaders. Those that lived in New Haven were under the leadership of the Reverend John Davenport whose "standards were even more rigorous than those imposed in Boston" by Cotton Mather (2). Families were the basis of society and a strong biblical approach to life's challenges was the basis of their daily interaction. Purity of worship and strong personal piety were their goals. Like individuals in all groups, some were stronger than others. If they were weak, we understand them; if they were notorious, we forgive them; if they were committed and successful in their efforts, we honor them.


Image Sources: 
Drawings: Bryant, William Cullen and Sydney Howard Gay. A Popular History of the United States. New York: Charles Scribners' Sons, 1881. Public domain.
Painting: "The First Thanksgiving at Plymouth." Painting by Jennie A. Brownscombe, 1914. Public domain.

(1) Jacobus, Donald Lines. Genealogy as Pastime and Profession, 2nd ed., rev. Baltimore: Genealogical Publication Company, 1968. The assessment of Jacobus's standing as a genealogist comes from Milton Rubincam's introduction. Jacobus also favored the genealogical investigation of eugenics, but that is another story.
(2) Chamberlain, Ava. The Notorious Elizabeth Tuttle: Marriage, Murder and Madness. New York: New York University Press, 2012.